About Russian Icons
Over the past three decades, particularly since the collapse of the Soviet Union, ever increasing numbers of Russian icons have been seen in Western countries like the United States. Much research has been done on ancient icons but very little is available on Russian icons of the 18th, 19th and early 20th century. This article will help the dealer, appraiser or collector sort through the misinformation, outright fakes and questionable pieces found in the market today. Ikona or Russian icon derives its name from the Greek eikon meaning image. The icon most collectors are familiar with is a religious image painted on a wood panel which developed about the time of Christ. Russia converted to Christianity about AD and adopted the Orthodox Eastern style of painting icons. Russian icon imagery became a standard visual language everyone, including the peasants, understood. The most frequently encountered examples in today’s market are icons produced in Russia between with the majority made between
Peccioli | International School and Restoration of Russian Icons Lab
In doing so, the terms Icon and Icon-copy will be defined by taking the aspects of the religious significance as well as the historical development into consideration. Within the given frame only a few phenomena will be described. Detailed explanations can be found in the complete thesis. In doing so, the terms Icon and Icon-copy will be defined by taking the religious significance as well as the historical development into consideration. The described phenomena are exemplary and discussed only briefly.
In the later and most prolific period of Russian icon painting — the 18th to early 20th centuries — one frequently finds dated icons with.
As a general rule, these icons strictly followed models and formulas hallowed by Byzantine art , led from the capital in Constantinople. As time passed, the Russians widened the vocabulary of types and styles far beyond anything found elsewhere in the Orthodox world. The personal, innovative and creative traditions of Western European religious art were largely lacking in Russia before the 17th century, when Russian icon painting became strongly influenced by religious paintings and engravings from both Protestant and Catholic Europe.
In the midth-century changes in liturgy and practice instituted by Patriarch Nikon resulted in a split in the Russian Orthodox Church. The traditionalists, the persecuted “Old Ritualists” or ” Old Believers “, continued the traditional stylization of icons, while the State Church modified its practice. From that time icons began to be painted not only in the traditional stylized and non-realistic mode, but also in a mixture of Russian stylization and Western European realism, and in a Western European manner very much like that of Catholic religious art of the time.
The One-Of-A-Kind Museum of Russian Icons
Regular auctions of these unique and special items engage collectors both new to the items and veteran collectors. The question I get the most in my field is what makes an Icon more valuable. What are the characteristics that make one Icon, maybe similar in appearance, sometimes cost thousands of dollars more? To answer this, I have compiled a list of six criteria that influence price. This information will arm you with the knowledge needed to become an educated consumer in the great world of Icons.
Title: Devotional Icon. Date: 19th century. Culture: Russian. Medium: Copper alloy, surrey enamel. Dimensions: Overall: 13 1/4 x 6 1/4 x 3/8 in. ( x x 1.
A reverse perspective is a icon for vanishing points that are placed outside the painting that creates the illusion that these points are “in front of” the painting. Why, the saints or a scene from the Scripture depicted in an icon are brought forward into the icon between the viewer and the icon plane. Deposition in the Tomb c.
The image becomes a window into the sacred world, undetectable to the human eye and beyond logic. Due to the reverse perspective the world opens up in front of the audience, striking in its cosmic scale. Interestingly, why when the old Russian icon painters became acquainted with the linear perspective, they didn’t use this technique in icon painting because it didwhy correspond to the purpose and the meaning of the icon.
In all ancient icons the wooden panel features a noticeable deepening called the “ark” cut-back center portion of the icon panel , where the image is placed. This allows for the separation of the orthodox world where the spectator lives from the heavens that is depicted on the icon. Saint Theodore’s miracle Below: The icon’s composition freely unites events that occurred at different times.
For example, the icon of the Dormition for the Theotokos includes the death of Mary, the ascension of her soul by Christ and icon into Heaven, the grieving of the apostles at her deathbed and apostles flying through the icon from the four corners of the Earth to say farewell. The key event is why just placed in the center, but is also highlighted by focusing in on it.
Thus the icon immediately grabs the essence, and then, looking into the icon, comprehends the details of the narrative.
Museum of Russian Icons, Clinton: Hours, Address, Museum of Russian Icons Reviews: 5/5
Create a VisitWidget account and start creating your own sharable itineraries. Recognized by The Boston Globe multiple times for its excellent exhibits, the Museum of Russian Icons is a superb stop for art aficionados, history fans and students of culture. It was founded in by Massachusetts art collector Gordon B.
Buy online, view images and see past prices for Signed Russian icon from Mount Athos, dated Invaluable is the world’s largest marketplace for art.
One of the biggest problems you may face when buying antique Russian icons is a possibility to buy a fake. There are actually lots of genuinely old panels with new religious icon paintings on them available for sale today. The fake antique icon is ready for sale! So how to avoid getting scammed? Here are some tips that will help you spot a fake! When buying Russian icons covered by metal riza, do not automatically assume that the image hidden by the beautiful cover is hand-painted.
Take a closer look or, what is better, take the riza off to make sure that you buy a hand-painted icon. It just so happens that the image hidden under the riza can be lithographed on paper and simply glued to the old panel. In fairness, it should be noted that authentic antique icons with lithographed images do exist, but they are much less valuable than hand-painted Orthodox icons. Another thing to consider when buying Russian icons covered by riza is the matching of the image with the openings in the riza.
Museum number ,
This is the complete list of extant icons created in Russia before and during the reign of Alexander Nevsky (–63). Contents. 1 –; 2 –; 3 –; 4 See also; 5 Sources. –. Image, Name and date, Provenance, Current location.
The collection includes more than Russian icons and related artifacts, making it one of the largest private collections of Russian icons outside of Russia and the largest in North America. The icons in the collection range in date from the 15th century through to the present and covers almost the entire range of Russian icon images, symbols, and forms. The Museum of Russian Icons was founded in as a nonprofit educational institution by Massachusetts art collector and industrialist Gordon B.
Including more than Russian icons and artifacts, the collection is the largest of its kind in North America, and one of the largest private collections outside Russia. The Museum collection includes more than 1, Russian icons and related artifacts. The icons range in date from to the present day, and are installed in thematic groupings rather than chronological order.
The Museum is particularly proud to display extremely rare Royal Doors that once led to the High Altar of an Orthodox Church in Russia and can be traced back to the 17th century.
Gift of Dr. John Foreman, Courtesy Art Museum University of Toronto. How so much better, purer, faster our access to God, to Nature, to Truth, to Science could be.
cm. Yaroslavl Art Museum, Yaroslavl, Russia. Russian icon, detail of a icon, dated Religious.
The collection is temporarily unavailable. The second floor of Palazzo Leoni Montanari houses the collection of Russian icons , one of the most sizeable and important collections of Russian sacred art to exist outside of Russia. The original nucleus of the collection, made up of a private collection purchased by the Bank in the mids, was subsequently enlarged by works of great artistic value from the 15 th th centuries, as well as two stunning icons of the Novgorod school dating back to the latter half of the 13 th century and depicting the Descent into Hell and the Ascent to Heaven of the Prophet Elijah.
In addition to enlarging the collection, made up of over examples, these acquisitions have lent it — even in the eyes of experts in Byzantine and Ancient Russian art — a radically new status. An activity carried out systematically and consistently over several years gave rise to a museum that performs an important role in spreading Russian culture throughout Europe, thanks also to an annexed study centre that permanently conducts scientific research.
The collection documents the different phases in the history of Russian icon painting — from the Middle Ages all the way down to modern times — through its several schools and art centres, in addition to the iconographic subjects that draw inspiration from the Scriptures, as well as from legends, apocryphal works, liturgical hymns, hagiographies, sermons and theological treatises by Byzantine and Russian authors.
With its selection of about paintings, the museum layout highlights the most common types of icons explains their role in Church and society — familial society first and foremost — over the centuries. Non-exhibited paintings are kept in a well-equipped storeroom that is part of the Gallerie.